.chakra .wef-10kdnp0{margin-top:16px;margin-bottom:16px;line-height:1.388;}What is the World Economic Forum doing to help the manufacturing industry rebound from COVID-19? The proactive monitoring of supplier risks was the primary focus of these efforts, yet significant blind spots remain in most companies supply-chain risk-management setups. We analyze shocks that affect the supply chain end-to-end (international and local . By this year, an overwhelming majority (92 percent) said that they had done so. Understanding where the risks lie so that your company can protect itself may require a lot of digging. Finally, when coming out of the crisis, companies and governments should take a complete look at their supply-chain vulnerabilities and the shocks that could expose them much as the coronavirus has. To mitigate them, line up alternative supply sources in diverse locations or increase stocks of critical materials. They cant and shouldnt totally back away from globalization; doing so will leave a void that otherscompanies that dont abandon globalizationwill gladly and quickly fill. Additionally, direct-to-consumer communication channels, market insights, and internal and external databases can provide invaluable information in assessing the current state of demand among your customers customers. COVID-19 has disrupted all aspects of our lives, including international trade. Please enable JavaScript to use this feature. Yet despite that progress, other recent events have shown that supply chains remain vulnerable to shocks and disruptions, with many sectors currently wrestling to overcome supply-side shortages and logistics-capacity constraints. To plan on how to use available capacity, the S&OP process should determine which products offer the highest strategic value, considering the importance to health and human safety and the earnings potential, both today and during the future recovery. About the author (s) What particular impacts are we seeing now due to the coronavirus? This will only grow with the rapid transition to electric vehicles (EVs), which require four times the number of semiconductors. Vendors diversified into providing services to other industries that needed them during the earlier stages of the pandemic. Figure 1 shows that both the economy-wide and retail-sector inventory-to-sales ratios hit record lows in March. The detailed responses can reveal major opportunitiesfor example, using scenario analyses to review the structural resilience of critical logistics nodes, routes, and transportation modes can reveal weakness even when individual components, such as important airports or rail hubs, may appear resilient. Supply chain resilience depends both on the product and on the retailer that engineered that particular chain. Trade wars, global politics and national policies will influence the future of supply chain structures. Talent remains a major barrier to accelerated digitization, however, and the skills gap is widening. In our 2020 survey, only 10 percent of companies said they had sufficient in-house digital talent. The actions taken by companies varied according to the precrisis maturity of their supply-chain risk-management capabilities. As the finance function works on accounts payable and receivable, supply-chain leaders can focus on freeing up cash locked in other parts of the value chain. A case in point is the U.S. groceries market, where companies had difficulty adjusting to the plunge in demand from restaurants and cafeterias and the rise in consumer demand. Its effects can be seen in the inflation of production and shipping costs, labour shortages, the role of China in the global economy, and the automobile industry, among others. For example, one obstacle to meeting heightened demand for toilet paper at supermarkets was that manufacturers had to change over their production lines, because consumers prefer soft multi-ply rolls rather than the thinner toilet paper that many hotels and offices purchased in much larger rolls. A well-designed supply chain is built to withstand some supply uncertainty and some demand fluctuations. That will mean more transshipment through Singapore, Hong Kong, or other hubs and longer transit times to reach markets. We have to admit that with deep global economic interdependence, more serious disaster planning must become the defacto standard. The current automotive industry spends around $40 billion on chips per year. The last 18 months of the Covid-19 pandemic have shown us that we can no longer think about the supply chain the way we used to. The benefits of advanced analytics in supply-chain management are now being recognized across industries. The survey was conducted . Although the inciting incident of these disruptions is different, theyre the same in that supply chains eventually rebounded or pivoted and operations pressed forward that is until the next disruption came along. Lockdowns, shelter-in-place orders, and travel restrictions were disrupting activity in every part of the economy. Those developments, combined with the U.S.-China trade war, have triggered a rise in economic nationalism. And revisit your product strategies: Offering consumers more choices isnt always better. Different industries have responded to the resilience challenge in markedly different ways. These are times of rapid transition for the U.S. economy. The biggest shifts occurred in industries that were the lowest users of these approaches before the pandemic. By acting intentionally today and over the next several months, companies and governments can emerge from this crisis better prepared for the next one. What is the World Economic Forum doing to help the manufacturing industry rebound from COVID-19? Schwab Foundation for Social Entrepreneurship, Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution, Discovering the real impact of COVID-19 on entrepreneurship. For the first time, most respondents (95 percent) say they have formal supply-chain risk-management processes. But only 2 percent can make the same claim about suppliers in the third tier and beyond. Others do not have enough of their products in inventory to avoid running out of stock. This past year, companies made bold moves in risk mitigation by adopting a more distributed manufacturing strategy to diversify supply chains and better prepare for vulnerabilities both natural and man-made. This begins with establishing a supply-chain-risk function tasked with assessing risk, continually updating risk-impact estimates and remediation strategies, and overseeing risk governance. The love affair with just-in-time manufacturing may be over. The COVID-19 pandemic has created global health and economic disruption. When the Covid-19 pandemic subsides, the world is going to look markedly different. Why are we seeing shortages of certain products like toilet paper? These actions should be taken in parallel with steps to support the workforce and comply with the latest policy requirements: In the following sections, we explore each of these six sets of issues. Consequently, even as companies look to ramp up production and make up time in their value chains, they should prebook logistics capacity to minimize exposure to potential cost increases. Restarting the economy after a pandemic and a recession has not been and will not be simple. Making orders smaller and more frequent and adding flexibility to contract terms can improve outcomes both for suppliers and their customers by smoothing the peaks and valleys that raise cost and waste. The purpose of this study was to identify and exhibit the interrelationships among COVID-19's impacts on supply chain activities. In the current landscape, we see that a complete short-term response means tackling six sets of issues that require quick action across the end-to-end supply chain (Exhibit 1). Instead, leaders should find ways to make their businesses work better and give themselves an advantage. Disruptions and shortages during the Covid-19 pandemic exposed weaknesses in global supply chains, which already faced threats from trade wars. When we surveyed senior supply-chain executivesfrom across industries and geographies, 93 percent of respondents told us that they intended to make their supply chains far more flexible, agile, and resilient. Christoph Morlinghaus is a photographer based in Hamburg whose work explores space and architecture. The typical focus is naturally short term. Turcic describes a supply chain as a logistics network made up of suppliers, manufacturers, warehouses, distribution centers, and retail outlets. For more details, review our .chakra .wef-12jlgmc{-webkit-transition:all 0.15s ease-out;transition:all 0.15s ease-out;cursor:pointer;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;outline:none;color:inherit;font-weight:700;}.chakra .wef-12jlgmc:hover,.chakra .wef-12jlgmc[data-hover]{-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.chakra .wef-12jlgmc:focus,.chakra .wef-12jlgmc[data-focus]{box-shadow:0 0 0 3px rgba(168,203,251,0.5);}privacy policy. 1600 Pennsylvania Ave NW The transition to remote working was one of the most immediate and pronounced effects of pandemic-era restrictions on mobility and access to workplaces. You have JavaScript disabled. First, the supply shocks. For the foreseeable future, they will face pressure to increase domestic production, grow employment in their home countries, reduce their dependence on risky sources, and rethink strategies of lean inventories and just-in-time replenishment, which can be crippling when material shortages arise. entertainment, news presenter | 4.8K views, 28 likes, 13 loves, 80 comments, 2 shares, Facebook Watch Videos from GBN Grenada Broadcasting Network: GBN. It entails going far beyond the first and second tiers and mapping your full supply chain, including distribution facilities and transportation hubs. In a standard supply chain, raw materials are sent to factories where goods are manufactured. Construction is the only sector in which respondents say they are less likely to invest in digital supply chain technologies in the coming years. Examples of the latter include production of the most advanced smartphone chips, which is concentrated in three facilities in Taiwan owned by the Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company; fabrication of exotic sensors and components, which happens largely in highly specialized facilities in a handful of countries, including Japan, Germany, and the United States; and refining of neodymium for the magnets in AirPods and electric-vehicle motors, almost all of which is done in China. The goal of the mapping process should be to categorize suppliers as low-, medium-, or high-risk. If you cannot relieve people in their situation, where they have to physically work in close proximity and the disease starts spreading, you might have people not showing up for work or actually physically falling ill. In situations in which tier-one suppliers do not have visibility into their own supply chains or are not forthcoming with data on them, companies can form a hypothesis on this risk by triangulating from a range of information sources, including facility exposure by industry and parts category, shipment impacts, and export levels across countries and regions. A farmer who is used to supplying five local restaurants that are shut down cannot easily switch production to supplying to the local supermarket, where there is a lengthy process where they vet you before they allow you into the store. Global supply chains (GSCs), which had shown a high level of robustness and resiliency against several disruptions in recent decades, are genuinely compromised. A record share of homebuilders, surveyed by the National Association of Homebuilders in May, reported shortages of key materials such as framing lumber, wallboard, and roofing. The U.S.-China trade war and the supply and demand shocks brought on by the Covid-19 crisis are forcing manufacturers everywhere to reassess their supply chains. Start by mapping the full extent of your supply network to identify both direct and indirect sources. Inventories of cars and homes are also at or near record lows, sufficient for just one month of car sales and 4.4 months of home sales, as compared to pre-pandemic levels of about two months for cars and 5.5 months for homes. As the number of confirmed cases of a novel coronavirus named COVID-19 surges past 100,000, the impact of the disease has taken a toll on the global economy, causing fluctuations in stock prices, depressing earnings projections, and even delaying movie premieres. Others may slip back, reverting to old ways of working that leave them struggling to compete with their more agile competitors on cost or service, and still vulnerable to shocks and disruptions. Such changes take time. For more details, review our .chakra .wef-12jlgmc{-webkit-transition:all 0.15s ease-out;transition:all 0.15s ease-out;cursor:pointer;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;outline:none;color:inherit;font-weight:700;}.chakra .wef-12jlgmc:hover,.chakra .wef-12jlgmc[data-hover]{-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.chakra .wef-12jlgmc:focus,.chakra .wef-12jlgmc[data-focus]{box-shadow:0 0 0 3px rgba(168,203,251,0.5);}privacy policy. In particular, the Administration recommends that Congress support at least $50 billion in investment to advance domestic semiconductor manufacturing and research. Advanced-analytics approaches and network mapping can be used to cull useful information from these databases rapidly and highlight the most critical lower-tier suppliers. How you nurture and respect every partnership within the supply chain makes a difference. The result was a streamlined operation that was much more efficient than those in the United States and Japan. We need to transform the pain of that experience into new ways. 4. In September 2020, the World Health Organization, with the advice of the CSCS Task Force, commissioned an assessment of the Covid-19 Supply Chain System (CSCS) focused on three main areas: strategy, implementation and moving forward. In this past year, semiconductor shortages and supply chain woes have impacted a wide range of industries, from cars back-ordered for months (paywall) to TVs and everyday appliances (paywall). When China first opened its special economic zones in the 1980s, it had almost no indigenous suppliers and had to rely on far-flung global supply chains and on logistics specialists who procured materials from around the world and kitted them for assembly in Chinese factories. Take coffee, for example. The analysis will draw on a cross-functional team that includes marketing and sales, operations, and strategy staff, including individuals who can tailor updated macroeconomic forecasts to the expected impact on the business. Almost every company also plans for further digital investment in the future. These were disruptions to the availability of goods sourced from China; both finished goods for sale and products used in factories in developed markets. Other respondents told us that they had struggled to find suitable suppliers to support their localization or near-shoring plans. Interrupted Supply Chain for Meat Expected to Contribute to Food Insecurity The largest effects are being felt in the pork industry where more than 10 million hogs are being eliminated from the supply chain between April and September 2020. Researchers such as Barry Schwartz of Swarthmore College and Patrick Spenner, a consultant who was formerly at CEB (now part of Gartner), have long argued that more choice isnt always better. Thoroughly map your supply chain to uncover risks. Washington, DC 20500. Each time, the weather normalized, harvests improved, and prices fell back towards their previous levels. By acting intentionally today and over the next several months, companies and governments can emerge from this crisis better prepared for the next one. Twelve months later, in the second quarter of 2021, we repeated our survey with a similarly diverse group of supply-chain leaders. During each move, workers redesigned steps to use less space and less labor, boosting productivity. The COVID-19 outbreak that started engulfing various nations across the globe is forcing governments, national and international authorities to take unprecedented measures such as lockdown of. As the coronavirus pandemic subsides, the tasks will center on improving and strengthening supply-chain capabilities to prepare for the inevitable next shock. Tomorrow's model demands new priorities in optimization. In our homes, there are semiconductors in air conditioning temperature sensors, rice cookers, refrigerators, LED lighting systems and, of course, in all of our digital devices from phones to laptops. The lesson that needs to be learned: We cant assume suppliers will always be there if we dont treat them well during difficult times. The first alliance to accelerate digital inclusion, Why refugees need a better chance at professional development, 5 reasons why the G20 needs a sustainable blue economy. Supply chains are complicated, typically consisting of a number of complex factors and a large network of players. Given the extent of the integration of semiconductors in our businesses and personal lives, what might have been viewed as a supply chain hiccup years ago now has far-reaching effects. While markets will eventually adjust, they can be slow and the impact on producers and consumers can be costly. A. COVID-19 is a Black Swan eventan example of something that is not predictable and can have a huge impact. The challenge for companies will be to make their supply chains more resilient without weakening their competitiveness. It vows to reverse long-time policies that have prioritized low costs over security, sustainability and resilience. Many of these advances also present an opportunity to make factories more environmentally sustainable. Companies have only partly addressed the weaknesses in global supply chains exposed by the coronavirus pandemic. Managers everywhere should use this crisis to take a fresh look at their supply networks, take steps to understand their vulnerabilities, and then take actions to improve robustness. SKU proliferationthe addition of different forms of the same product to serve different market segmentswas partly responsible. Going forward you will see some differences between different companies. The figure shows that while retailers had 43 days of inventory in February 2020, today they have just 33 days. Further regression shows a substitution effect between customer and product diversification. By contrast, only 22 percent of automotive, aerospace, and defense players had regionalized production, even though more than three-quarters of them prioritized this approach in their answers to the 2020 survey. When increases in productivity plateaued, the company often moved smaller assembly lines to another building (or part of the same building). These ratios measure how many days of current sales that businesses and retailers could support out of existing inventories. When the company built its next new factoryin the United Statesit repeated the process, using the Chinese factory as the starting point. Temporary trade restrictions and shortages of pharmaceuticals, critical medical supplies, and other products highlighted their weaknesses. To make their supply chains more manageable, many retailers have been reducing product variety. As the fight against the coronavirus continues and the country wrestles with when to reopen the economy, Zach G. Zacharia, associate professor of supply chain management and director of the Center for Supply Chain Research at the College of Business, addressed the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on global supply chains.. Zacharia also discussed how the pandemic will likely impact . Additionally, after-sales stock should be used as a bridge to keep production running (Exhibit 2). Unlike China, those locations often do not have the efficient, high-capacity ports that can handle the largest container ships or the direct marine liner services to major markets. The Challenge of Rebuilding U.S. How did U.S. toilet-paper manufacturers respond to the shortages? Electrification megatrend means more companies are semiconductor-dependent. Most businesses would be surprised by how much inventory sits in their value chains and should estimate how much of it, including spare parts and remanufactured stock, is available. Japans 2011 tsunami and earthquake temporarily impacted consumer electronics and automotive industries. The Covid-19 coronavirus pandemic has exposed gaps in the ability of retailers to mitigate supply chain imbalances and offer an omnichannel customer experience, among other challenges in. So far, the supply chain in which Americans get most of their goods is holding up well, he said, with consumers able to get most products. Some increases have been especially dramatic. Supply-chain leaders should analyze the root causes of suppliers nonessential purchases, mitigating them through adherence to consumption-based stock and manufacturing models and through negotiations of supplier contracts to seek more favorable terms. How coronavirus will affect the global supply chain. Separating demand into many different SKUs makes forecasting more difficult, and trying to fill needs by substituting products during periods of shortage causes a real scramble. Pressure testing each suppliers purchase order and minimizing or eliminating purchases of nonessential supplies can yield immediate cash infusions. This stage of planning should include asking direct questions of tier-one organizations about who and where their suppliers are and creating information-sharing agreements to determine any disruption being faced in tier-two and beyond organizations. 3. Manufacturers in most industries have turned to suppliers and subcontractors who narrowly focus on just one area, and those specialists, in turn, usually have to rely on many others. To make sure . Conversely, why are some farmers having to destroy certain crops? If alternative suppliers are unavailable, businesses can work closely with affected tier-one organizations to address the risk collaboratively. This is how to distribute a coronavirus vaccine to everyone. Develop a demand-forecast strategy, which includes defining the granularity and time horizon for the forecast to make risk-informed decisions in the S&OP process. These practices were subsequently embraced by innumerable industries to achieve the same economic benefits. How companies can accelerate and galvanize food system transformation, John Blasberg, Jenny Davis-Peccoud, Sasha Duchnowski and Vikki Tam, Global chip shortages: Why suppliesmust be prioritized for healthcare capabilities, Chief Executive Officer and Vice-Chairman of the Board, is affecting economies, industries and global issues, with our crowdsourced digital platform to deliver impact at scale. Maintaining a nimble approach to logistics management will be imperative in rapidly adapting to any situational or environmental changes. Managers should consider a regional strategy of producing a substantial proportion of key goods within the region where they are consumed. The COVID-19 crisis put supply chains into the spotlight. To prepare for such instances effectively, organizations should take the following actions: With many end customers engaging in shortage buying to ensure that they can claim a higher fraction of whatever is in short supply, businesses can reasonably question whether the demand signals they are receiving from their immediate customers, both short and medium term, are realistic and reflect underlying uncertainties in the forecast. Demand evaporated in some categories and skyrocketed in others. Others invested in their distribution systems, so that they could anticipate and respond more quickly to local shortages. Address the vulnerabilities by diversifying your suppliers or stockpiling essential materials. Car manufacturers are among those stocking up on parts due to supply chain issues. How durable is this system, how long a period of time can it continue to operate without a major disruption? 2. One of the most visible impacts of the coronavirus pandemic has been the strain on the global supply chain, with consumers noticing certain goods are harder to find at their local store. Data also suggest these shortages are holding back business activity in some sectors. Organizations should build financial models that size the impact of various shock scenarios and decide how much insurance to buy through the mitigation of specific gaps, such as by establishing dual supply sources or relocating production. Of the companies that had difficulties managing their supply chains during the crisis, 71 percent say they are ramping up their use of advanced analytics. Working with operations and production teams to review your bills of materials (BOMs) and catalog components will identify the ones that are sourced from high-risk areas and lack ready substitutes. Availability and supply of a wide range of raw materials, intermediate goods, and finished products have been seriously disrupted. This is because as part of the change, you can unfreeze your organizational routines and revisit design assumptions underpinning the original process. Other environmental impacts result from land, fertilizer, water, and energy that are also wasted. While these problems are most acute in semiconductors, they are found in other parts of the auto supply chain as well. More than any of these past events, the Covid-19 pandemic exposed the degree to which our global supply chains are fragile and lethargic in their ability to respond to unexpected changes in demand. 8 The Effect of COVID-19 on Supply Chain Management of RMG Sector in Bangladesh. You can unsubscribe at any time using the link in our emails. Respondents report a range of ongoing actions to address the digital-skills gap, including reskilling (55 percent) or redeploying (30 percent) existing staff, hiring new talent from the labor market (52 percent), and taking on specialist contract staff for specific projects (21 percent). During the pandemic, when demand surged in many product categories, manufacturers struggled to shift from supplying one market segment to supplying another, or from making one kind of product to making another. In May 2020, much of the world was still in the grip of the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. We study the impact of such shocks on scenarios where preparedness investments have been made. A small minority (4 percent) set up a new risk-management function from scratch, but most respondents say they have strengthened existing capabilities. As some coffee drinkers can remember, coffee prices have spiked repeatedly due to frosts that damage coffee harvests, most recently in late 2010. Another proposed action would address international vulnerabilities to supply chains. For the longer term, the Administration proposes a variety of actions to strengthen our industrial base, increasing resilience and reducing lead times to respond to crises. Knut Alicke is a partner in McKinseys Stuttgart office, Xavier Azcue is a consultant in the New Jersey office, and Edward Barriball is a partner in the Washington, DC office. While current indices report conditions at the time of the survey, the future indices report expectations about conditions in six months. Armed with a demand forecast, the S&OP process should next optimize production and distribution capacity. First and foremost, we are seeing dramatic shifts in demand for certain items, which lead to the following: The pandemic pushed risk to the top of virtually every corporate agenda. In most cases, neither the automaker nor the semiconductor manufacturer can trace what goes on in these intermediate layers (or tiers) of the supply chain, due in part to lack of trust among parties in supply chains, who fear that the information might be used to replace them or to bargain for a price reduction. Stay-at-home orders led to a sudden 40-percent increase in demand for retail toilet paper, the fluffier kind used by households. The Administration proposes to reverse this damage by investing in research, production, workers, and communities that will rebuild sustainable manufacturing capacity across the country. Last week, the Biden-Harris Administration released the conclusions of its 100-day review of supply chains for four critical products: semiconductor manufacturing and advanced packaging; large capacity batteries, like those for electric vehicles; critical minerals and materials; and pharmaceuticals and active pharmaceutical ingredients. Specific categories to consider include the following: A crisis may increase or decrease demand for particular products, making the estimation of realistic final-customer demand harder and more important. From stay-at-home orders to travel bans and quarantines, supply chains were interrupted like never before. 1. As the number of confirmed cases of a novel coronavirus named COVID-19 surges past 100,000, the impact of the disease has taken a toll on the .